Most Recent Trends
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Currently only three countries are producing shale gas through hydraulic fracturing (fracking) on a commercial scale: the United States, Canada, and China. The United States is by far the dominant producer, with a new high of 32.9 billion cubic feet (bcf) per day in 2014.
Genetically modified (GM) crops have had their genetic materials engineered through biotechnologies to introduce new or enhanced characteristics (traits), such as herbicide tolerance, insect resistance, enhancement of certain nutrients, and drought tolerance. The global plantation area of GM crops has been growing for more than two decades, since they were first commercialized in the early 1990s, and it reached 181.5 million hectares in 2014.
In wealthy countries, paper is so ubiquitous that it comes in seemingly endless numbers of grades, types, shapes, and colors and is used for both mundane and highly specialized purposes. Too often, paper products are discarded soon after their purchase, and only a portion is recovered for recycling.